Making use of the software of molecular graphics, we designed numerous models of CnBe2- (n = 4-14). We carried out geometry optimization and calculation on vibration frequency by means of the B3LYP density functional method. After comparison of structure stability, we found that the ground-state isomers of CnBe2- (n = 4-14) are linear with the beryllium atom located inside the Cn chain. When a side carbon chain is with an even number of carbon atoms, it is polyacetylene-like, whereas when a side chain is with an odd number of carbon atoms, it is cumulene-like. The CnBe2- (n = 4-14) clusters with an even number of carbon atoms are more stable than that with an odd number of carbon atoms, matching the peak pattern observed in accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) and Coulomb Explosion Imaging (CEI) investigations of C nBe2- (n -4-14). The trend of such odd/even alternation is explained based on concepts of bonding characteristics, electronic configuration, electron detachment, and incremental binding energy.
Scopus Subject Areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry