A comparative tissue-specific metabolite analysis and determination of protodioscin content in asparagus species used in traditional Chinese medicine and ayurveda by use of laser microdissection, UHPLC-QTOF/MS and LC-MS/MS

Yogini Jaiswal, Zhitao LIANG, Alan Ho, Hubiao CHEN, Zhongzhen ZHAO*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction - Asparagus is esteemed in Traditional Chinese Medicine and Ayurveda, and it is commercially one of the most important drugs in the global herbal market. Comparative metabolite profiling of different species would help in determining the similarities and ascertain their validity for being used as substitutes for each other. Laser microdissection (LMD) facilitates identification of metabolites in specific tissues, and thus it can aid in exploration of metabolic pathways in target tissues.

Objective - To compare tissue-specific metabolites and protodioscin content of Asparagus cochinchinensis (Lour.) Merr. and Asparagus racemosus Willd. used in China and India.

Methods - Metabolite analysis of laser-dissected tissues was carried out using UHPLC-QTOF/MS and LC-MS/MS. The protodioscin contents were determined and the method was validated as per the International Conference on Harmonisation of Technical Requirements for Registration of Pharmaceuticals for Human Use guidelines.

Results - Metabolite analysis reveals that the velamen tissue, among other tissues such as cortex, vascular bundles and pith, contained maximum components, specifically those belonging to the steroidal saponin class. Although the metabolite profiles were similar, the content of protodioscin was found to be higher in Chinese than Indian species.

Conclusion - The study provided a suitable methodology for metabolite profiling and protodioscin content determination of Asparagus by use of LMD, UHPLC-QTOF/MS and LC-MS/MS. The similarities in metabolite profiles indicate that Asparagus species from India and China can serve as substitute for each other in various therapeutic and pharmaceutical applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)514-528
Number of pages15
JournalPhytochemical Analysis
Volume25
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Apr 2014

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Food Science
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Plant Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Complementary and alternative medicine

User-Defined Keywords

  • Ayurveda
  • Laser microdissection (LMD)
  • LC-MS/MS
  • Metabolite profiling
  • Protodioscin
  • Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM); Asparagus cochinchinensis (Lour.) Merr.; Asparagus racemosus Willd
  • UHPLC-QTOF/MS

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