A Color Elastica Model for Vector-Valued Image Regularization

Hao Liu, Xue Cheng Tai, Ron Kimmel, Roland Glowinski

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)
34 Downloads (Pure)


Models related to the Euler's elastica energy have proven to be useful for many applications including image processing. Extending elastica models to color images and multichannel data is a challenging task, as stable and consistent numerical solvers for these geometric models often involve high order derivatives. Like the single channel Euler's elastica model and the total variation models, geometric measures that involve high order derivatives could help when considering image formation models that minimize elastic properties. In the past, the Polyakov action from high energy physics has been successfully applied to color image processing. Here, we introduce an addition to the Polyakov action for color images that minimizes the color manifold curvature. The color image curvature is computed by applying the Laplace--Beltrami operator to the color image channels. When reduced to gray-scale images, while selecting appropriate scaling between space and color, the proposed model minimizes Euler's elastica operating on the image level sets. Finding a minimizer for the proposed nonlinear geometric model is a challenge we address in this paper. Specifically, we present an operator-splitting method to minimize the proposed functional. The nonlinearity is decoupled by introducing three vector-valued and matrix-valued variables. The problem is then converted into solving for the steady state of an associated initial-value problem. The initial-value problem is time split into three fractional steps, such that each subproblem has a closed form solution, or can be solved by fast algorithms. The efficiency and robustness of the proposed method are demonstrated by systematic numerical experiments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)717-748
Number of pages32
JournalSIAM Journal on Imaging Sciences
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021


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