邻保哭啼: 从《盟水斋存牍》看晚明社会舆论对地方司法的影响

Translated title of the contribution: Crying for Justice: The impact of public opinion on the local judiciary in the light of the late Ming casebook Mengshui zhai cundu

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Abstract

明代的基层法庭基本上是个开放的系统,无论原告与被告的对质、对犯人的刑求、向证人取证的问话,甚至对犯人的施刑,皆不阻止大众临场观察。虽然对旁听有肃静的要求,但对原告与被告双方的家人邻里出于真情的呼冤哭号,并未有明令禁止。在审判进行中,更常要求在场邻里提供犯人的品行信息,甚至为犯人作保,以作定罪量刑的参考。此外,地方法庭在判决案件后,在上呈卷宗供高级法庭覆审的同时,也要将审语张贴于法庭门外,以备双方及公众访查跟进。将司法置于阳光之下,除保证官吏不能只手遮天,也可说是一种邀请公众参与审判的设计。本文以晚明推官判牍《盟水斋存牍》等为研究核心,探讨当时地方法官在审理不同种类的案件时,如何受司法开放性所影响,以及法庭在司法原则、人证物证,以及大众舆论间出现矛盾之时,有何坚持及取舍。
Translated title of the contributionCrying for Justice: The impact of public opinion on the local judiciary in the light of the late Ming casebook Mengshui zhai cundu
Original languageChinese (Simplified)
Pages (from-to)263-278
Number of pages16
Journal中山大学法律评论
Volume17 (2019)
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2020

User-Defined Keywords

  • 《盟水斋存牍》
  • 晚明司法
  • 大众舆论
  • 审讯
  • 基层法庭

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