论庄子学派的理想社会说

Translated title of the contribution: On the Ideal Society of Zhaungzi School

杨兆贵, 吴学忠, 李坚

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Abstract

先秦诸子根据自己学派思想而各有理想社会说。庄子学派的理想社会说包括理想天人关系、理想帝王、理想政府、普通百姓的理想生活等内涵。庄子及其后学既有自己的理想社会说,又因学派内部思想分歧而使他们对理想内容有不尽相同的看法,不过他们都认同"至治之世"天、人关系极其和睦;理想的帝王有的重视内圣,有的兼重外王;他们有的认为政府存在犹如不存在,有的主张无政府;有的认为理想社会里的百姓无知无欲,有的认为有知有欲。论述庄子学派的理想社会说,同时比较先秦道家其他学派的相关说法,一方面能彰显庄子学派理想社会说的特色,另一方面能看出先秦道家对理想社会说既有共识,又有纷殊。

According to their school of thought, pre-Qin thinkers had their own views of ideal society. The theory of ideal society includes the ideal relationship between nature and human being, ideal emperor, ideal government, ideal life of common people and other connotations. Although Zhuangzi and his followers held a little different opinions of ideal society because of thought difference in their school, they all believed the extremely harmonious relationship between nature and human being in ideal society. As for ideal emperor, some of them thought of being sage inside, some of them considered being saint inside and king outside. For government, some of them felt no existence of government, some of them advocated anarchy. For the common people in the ideal society, some of them thought of ignorance and unselfishness, some of them held totally different ideas.
Translated title of the contributionOn the Ideal Society of Zhaungzi School
Original languageChinese (Simplified)
Pages (from-to)25-29
Number of pages5
Journal南都学坛
Volume37
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2017

User-Defined Keywords

  • 庄子
  • 庄子学派
  • 先秦
  • 道家
  • 理想社会论
  • Zhuangzi
  • Zhuangzi School
  • the pre-Qin period
  • Taoist school
  • theory of ideal society

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