詩筆與史筆:論蔣士銓《一片石》雜劇的詩體淵源及其歷史反思

Translated title of the contribution: Historical Reflection and Poetic Elements in Jiang Shiquan’s Yipian shi

Ka Yiu YAU

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Abstract

「戲曲詩歌化」是有清一代文人劇的常見現象。對此,論者往往從題材內容和語言風格的角度加以探討,卻較少涉及形式範疇。本文通過考察清代戲曲大家蔣士銓(1725-1785)的雜劇《一片石》,探討清代戲曲(曲體)與古典詩歌(詩體)交涉互融的情況。相對於字面、修辭或典故的相彷彿,《一片石》與「懷古詩」傳統的聯繫,更體現在其精神意蘊和結構形式。一方面,此劇承繼了「懷古詩」著力抒情的審美特徵以及其敘事模式(如「登山臨水」、「訪謁祠廟」和「憑弔墓塚」)。另一方面,此劇又突破了「懷古詩」相對單一的視角,轉而借助不同敘述者的視點,反覆追懷弔唁,從而形成深重的歷史感。本文進一步指出,《一片石》之撰作,不僅發揮著傳播先賢事跡、建構地方記憶的功能,更是蔣士銓調解、安頓自己內心的過程。得益於戲曲文體的體制特點,劇作呈現出深刻的歷史反思,也寄寓著劇作家個人對道德與人生、歷史與書寫等命題的探詢。

The poeticization of classical Chinese drama was a prominent feature of Qing literati dramas. Jiang Shiquan 蔣士銓 (1725-1785), a famous late-imperial Chinese playwright, poeticized his plays. Focusing on Jiang's play Yipian shi 一片石, this article examines the generic integration and tension in the work. I argue that the lyricism and narrative structure of this play originates from the poetic tradition of "Meditation on the Past" (huaigu懷古). Yet it also transcends huaigu poetry, which often adopts a single person perspective, by repeatedly meditating on and lamenting the past through the perspectives of different narrators. The creation of this dense historical memory serves a dual purpose: it not only helps construct local memories and spreads the reputation of local historical figures but also settles the playwright's mind. The stylistic characteristics of drama, in other words, carve out a space for the profound reflection on such issues as history, morality, life, writing, and their interrelationships.
Translated title of the contributionHistorical Reflection and Poetic Elements in Jiang Shiquan’s Yipian shi
Original languageChinese (Traditional)
Pages (from-to)1-36
Number of pages36
Journal戲劇研究 (Journal of Theater Studies)
Issue number30
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2022

User-Defined Keywords

  • 蔣士銓
  • 清代戲曲
  • 懷古詩
  • 詩體
  • 歷史劇
  • Jiang Shiquan
  • Qing drama
  • Huaigu poetry
  • Classical Poetry
  • Historical drama

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