汉语作为第二语言的“把”字句习得研究

Translated title of the contribution: The L2 acquisition of the Chinese Ba-construction

黄月圆, 杨素英

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Abstract

"把"字句是对外汉语教学中的一个难点。我们这项研究从情状类型来调查母语为英语的外国留学生的"把"字句习得状况。我们做了三项"把"字句专题测试——造句、改句、判断句子,把不同的情状类型均匀地分布在测试题中。我们发现,英语学生对"把"字句的终结性关键语义有明显的意识,这种意识与语言习得中的"情状假设"普遍倾向一致。这一发现对对外汉语语法教学有一定的启示。

The Ba-construction is a difficult structure for L2 Chinese learners. This paper reports our study of the acquisition of the Ba-construction by English speakers. Following the recent aspectual analysis of the Ba-construction, we designed three tests (sentences making, structure alternation and judgement) with an even distribution of the situational types in each test. We found that these L2 learners had a strong sense of the telicity property of the Ba-construction, which could be explained as a developmental tendency in language acquisition by the Aspect Hypothesis. The finding has direct implications for the improvement of teaching the Ba-construction.
Translated title of the contributionThe L2 acquisition of the Chinese Ba-construction
Original languageChinese (Simplified)
Pages (from-to)49-59, II
Number of pages12
Journal世界汉语教学
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2004

User-Defined Keywords

  • “把”字句
  • 语言习得
  • 情状类型
  • 终结性
  • Ba-construction
  • language acquisition
  • aspectual types
  • telicity

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