文學地景中的身份意識———從文學散步到地景書寫

Translated title of the contribution: Identity Consciousness in Literary Landscapes: From Literary Walking Tours to Building Literary Landscapes

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Abstract

1987年,盧瑋鑾教授於報刊系統介紹香港文學地景和文學篇章,爲香港文學散步(Literature Tour)奠下了學理的起點。2001年,中文大學香港文學研究中心開始舉辦全港性的大型文學散步,此後不斷續辦,活動内容亦不斷發展,除了文學散步,還包含文學創作分享,以及文學創作教育,逐步演化成一項系統地建構“文學地景”(Literary Landscape)的活動。另一方面,香港其他文藝機構於過去二十年間亦不斷提倡書寫香港社區,發展出許多極具規模的文學地景建構活動,跟研究中心的文學散步,性質相通。2016年,香港文學生活館策劃了“島敘可能:文學×視藝”活動,爲文學地景的建構方式,注入跨媒體元素。過去十年,“文學地景”建構活動在香港蔚爲風氣,數量之多,規模之大,在華文地區,尚屬特殊。然而此現象的發展脈絡,至今尚未獲得系統梳理,而此由文學散步蛻變而來的過程,亦值得從身份意識的角度加以探究。本文將藉文獻史料,分析文學散步轉化成文學地景建構活動的過程;再以法國學者:相伯德羅浮、莫里斯·霍布瓦克和皮埃爾·諾亞有關身份意識和集體回憶的理論,分析文學散步及文學地景建構活動,對建構個人身份意識的意義。

In 1987, Professor Lu Wei-luan introduced the Hong Kong Literary Landscape and literary writings in a series of publications, which laid a theoretical foundation for the Hong Kong Literary Walking Tours. In 2001, the Hong Kong Literature Research Centre of The Chinese University of Hong Kong took the lead in organizing territory-wide Literary Walking Tours, and thereafter developed and enhanced the activities with diversified content. As well as Literary Walking Tours, a platform for the sharing of experience in literary creation and creative writing education, the programme also evolved and became a movement for the “Construction of Literary Landscape.”

Over the past twenty years, some literary and art organizations have been promoting community writing and setting out to expand the “Construction of Literary Landscape” activities on a large scale, aiming to share the same objectives of Literary Walking Tours organized by the Hong Kong Literature Research Centre. In 2016, The House of Hong Kong Literature hosted an exhibition titled “Islands’ Narrative: Literature X Visual Art,” which infused the pattern of Literary Landscape Construction with transmedia elements. “Construction of Literary Landscape” activities have become a vogue in Hong Kong over the past decade. This unique phenomenon in Chinese writing has drawn scholars’ attention from overseas because of the massive scale and overwhelming number of participants in the activities. Nonetheless, the lack of systematic analysis of the development of this phenomenon makes it a worthwhile project to examine the evolutionary process of “Literary Walking Tours” from the perspective of the consciousness of identity. This paper is an attempt to deal with the task in two steps. First, with reference to literary and documentary sources, it aims to analyze the process of Literary Walking Tours’ evolution into the “Construction of Literary Landscape.” Second, making use of the theories of identity consciousness and collective memory proposed by French scholars Chombart de Lauwe, Maurice Halbwachs, and Pierre Nora, it analyzes the Literary Walking Tours and “Literary Landscape Construction” movements, which may yield significant findings about the construction of self-consciousness of one’s identity.
Translated title of the contributionIdentity Consciousness in Literary Landscapes: From Literary Walking Tours to Building Literary Landscapes
Original languageChinese (Traditional)
Pages (from-to)169-192
Number of pages24
Journal人文中國學報
Issue number25
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2017

User-Defined Keywords

  • 文學散步
  • 文學地景
  • 地誌文學
  • 集體回憶
  • 身份意識
  • literature tour
  • literary landscape
  • topographical literature
  • collective memory
  • consciousness of identity

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