徘徊於理解與相信之間: 從帕斯卡爾看理性的規限與信仰的原諉

Translated title of the contribution: The limits of reason and the rationale for faith in the thoughts of Blaise Pascal

李仲驥

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Abstract

帕斯卡爾(Blaise Pascal, 1623-1662)是一個罕見的天才。他是一位數學家、物理學家與發明家。與此同時,他也是一位具有深度的哲學與宗教思想者,他的名著《思想錄》是人類文學的寶典,廣為人們熱愛。在思想層面上,帕斯卡爾可以被稱為一位反理性主義者。他那個時代的理性主義者曾自大地宣稱單靠思想的能力就能達到真理。但對帕斯卡爾來說,理性在面對最基本形上學及宗教問題時是軟弱無力的。哲學家們夢寐以求能在人世間建立一套永恆的哲學,但這工程最終只是一個幻想。本文嘗試從帕斯卡爾的思想裏,發掘他對理性與信仰之間關係的洞見,並看看他如何說明理性最終必須降服於信仰之下才能尋見上帝。
Blaise Pascal (1623-1662) is a rare genius. He is at the same time a mathematician, a physicist and an inventor. Yet known to relatively few people, he is also a deep philosophical and religious thinker. His masterpiece Pensees is a treasure in human literature, loved by people in all generations. Pascal can be seen as an anti-rationalist who had struggled with the main philosophical streams of his time. The rationalists of his time claimed that through reason alone man can reach final truths. Pascal, on the contrary, sees very clearly the limits of reason in face of the most basic religious and metaphysical questions. For Pascal, the dream of having an eternal philosophy here and now is forever a chimera. The current essay aims at extracting Pascal’s insights in the dialectic of faith and reason, and will try to show how he argues that reason must finally submit to faith in order to find God.
Translated title of the contributionThe limits of reason and the rationale for faith in the thoughts of Blaise Pascal
Original languageChinese (Traditional)
Pages (from-to)29-54
Number of pages26
Journal建道學刊
Issue number37
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2012

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