宋人词本事书写的虚构现象及其反思

Translated title of the contribution: The Fictional Phenomena of The Original Story of Ci-poetry Written by Literati in The Song Dynasty And the Introspection on It

宋学达

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Abstract

宋人词本事是考订、阐释宋词的重要文献资料,然而通过将陶榖《风光好》、周邦彦《瑞鹤仙》、苏轼《卜算子》三首词之本事作为案例进行分析,发现宋代的词本事书写中存在相当严重的虚构现象。明确本事虚构的手法,可以帮助我们判断一则本事可以在何种程度上被取信:凡有大量细节描写者、凡以词句比附情节者,皆应怀疑。词本事虚构现象的存在,贬损了这类文献在考订事实、阐释词作内涵方面的价值。但是本事的虚构现象本身包含着诸多宋代词学思想的信息,也是考察宋词传播方式的重要依据。即便词本事因虚构问题不能再被视为完全的"信史",也同样是宋词研究中具有重要价值的文献资料。

The original story of Ci-poetry written by literati in the Song Dynasty is the most important documentation to do textual or theoretical research on the Ci-poetry works. However, it is found that there are large numbers of fictional phenomena in the original story writing through studies on three cases such as: Tao Gu's Fengguanghao, Zhou Bangyan's Ruihexian and Su Shi's Busuanzi. And two principles to judge whether an original story is fictitious, which help us to make decision to believe an original story is true or not, can be summarized through three cases: contains great deal of detail or attaches plot with sentences from the Ci-poetry work. The fictional phenomena results in depreciation of the original story writing's document value in textual or theoretical research on the Ci-poetry works. But it shows that the original story itself contains many information of literary thought of Ci-poetry in the Song Dynasty. Although the original story could no longer be seen as faithful historical account, it is always a valuable document in studies on Ci-poetry in the Song Dynasty.
Translated title of the contributionThe Fictional Phenomena of The Original Story of Ci-poetry Written by Literati in The Song Dynasty And the Introspection on It
Original languageChinese (Simplified)
Pages (from-to)61-71
Number of pages11
Journal北京社会科学
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020

User-Defined Keywords

  • 宋词
  • 词本事
  • 书写
  • 虚构
  • Ci-poetry in the Song Dynasty
  • original story of Ci-poetry
  • original story writing
  • fictional phenomena

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