学生译员口译能力结构的测试与分析

Translated title of the contribution: An Empirical Study on Interpreting Competence Structures in Student Interpreters

董燕萍, 蔡任栋, 赵南, 林洁绚

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Abstract

就英汉、汉英交替传译及可能与之相关的语言能力和心理能力共19个项目测试某大学三年级英语专业翻译方向的学生,测试时间为口译训练将近一年之后。首先就口译绩效与各项指标进行相关分析,然后尝试建立口译能力结构方程模型。结果发现:只有英译汉可以建立有效的模型。主要结论是:对于学生译员而言,在英译汉过程中,尽管语言能力影响口译绩效,但这种影响更多的是通过心理能力发挥作用;心理能力,尤其是其中的口译焦虑,对口译质量有至关重要的影响;口译训练也许就是一个学会将自己的相关能力调动并协调的过程。

Altogether 19 tests (including English-Chinese and Chinese-English consecutive interpreting, tests of language skills, different measures of WM spans, etc.) were conducted on a group of third-year English majors who had just completed two semesters of interpreting training.Based on the analysis of correlations between the interpreting scores and the other test scores, a valid structural equation model was established for English-Chinese consecutive interpreting.The results indicate that, for student interpreters, although language skills are important to English-Chinese interpreting performance, these skills mostly function through the mediation of psychological competence which includes interpreting anxiety, English listening span and Chinese speaking span.Interpreting anxiety, which was the only factor correlated with both directions of interpreting, plays a significant role in interpreting performance.Interpreting training is perhaps a process to learn to integrate and coordinate relevant capabilities to perform the demanding task of interpreting.
Translated title of the contributionAn Empirical Study on Interpreting Competence Structures in Student Interpreters
Original languageChinese (Simplified)
Pages (from-to)75-85
Number of pages11
Journal外国语
Volume36
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2013

Scopus Subject Areas

  • Arts and Humanities(all)

User-Defined Keywords

  • 口译能力
  • 心理能力
  • 语言能力
  • 学生译员
  • 结构方程模型
  • interpreting competence
  • psychological competence
  • language competence
  • student interpreters
  • structural equation modelling

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