The effects of the Holistic Brain Health Group intervention on cognitive ability for people with mild cognitive impairment: A single-blind, multicentre, randomized controlled study

Project: Research project

Project Details

Description

Background Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is an intermediate stage of cognitive function between normal cognitive ageing and dementia. People with MCI (PwMCI) are at a higher risk of the development of dementia than those without MCI, and they are in urgent need of effective treatment to improve their cognitive abilities and delay their progression to dementia.

Objective: This research aims to develop and evaluate the effectiveness of an innovative multicomponent intervention model, named the Holistic Brain Health Group, on improving the cognitive abilities of Chinese PwMCI.

Hypothesis: It is hypothesized that the Holistic Brain Health Group is effective in improving the cognitive ability of Chinese PwMCI and that the improved cognitive abilities can be maintained over a 12-month follow-up period after the completion of treatment.

Research methods: A single-blind, multicentre, randomized controlled study will be adopted in this study. One hundred community-dwelling Chinese PwMCI recruited from five local elderly centres will be randomly assigned to either a treatment group or control group. In addition to treatment as usual provided by the elderly centre, the treatment group will receive the 16-session Holistic Brain Health Group, which attempts to promote a positive lifestyle, enhance cognitive skills, practise mindfulness, and strengthen social support for participants. Each session will be conducted once per week, 120 minutes in length, and run by a social worker at a local elderly centre. Additionally, participants will be required to complete weekly cognitive exercises and mindfulness practices at home. The control group will receive treatment as usual provided by the local elderly centre. Standardized assessment tools will be used to assess the cognitive ability of participants in the baseline, post-treatment, 3-month, 6-month and 12-month follow-up periods by a research assistant who will be blind to the group assignment of the participants.

Significance: This research project will contribute to the development of an innovative multicomponent intervention model so that hundreds thousands of PwMCI can benefit from it by improving their cognitive abilities and delaying their progression to dementia, which can save huge costs in local medical, social and residential care systems.

Work done by the Principal Investigator
The Principal Investigator (PI) conducted a randomized controlled trial on the pilot Holistic Brain Health Group with 38 Chinese PwMCI. The research results demonstrated that the pilot Holistic Brain Health Group was effective in improving the cognitive abilities of participants, supporting the feasibility of this present research project
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date1/01/2031/12/22

Fingerprint

Explore the research topics touched on by this project. These labels are generated based on the underlying awards/grants. Together they form a unique fingerprint.