CD8+ T cells reduce neuroretina inflammation in mouse by regulating autoreactive Th1 and Th17 cells through IFN-γ

Project: Research project

Project Details

Description

Various regulatory CD8+ T-cell subsets have been proposed for immune tolerance and have been implicated in controlling autoimmune diseases. However, their phenotypic identities and suppression mechanisms are not yet understood. This study found that coculture of T-cell receptor (TCR)- or interferon (IFN)-β-activated CD8+ T cells significantly suppressed the cytokine production of Th1 and Th17 cells. By experimenting with the experimental autoimmune uveitis (EAU), we found that adoptive transfer of TCR or IFN-β-activated CD8+ T cells significantly lessened disease development in an IFN-γ-dependent manner with a decreased uveitogenic Th1 and Th17 response. Interestingly, after adoptive transfer into the EAU mice, the IFN-γ+ CD8+ T cells were recruited more efficiently into the secondary lymphoid organs during the disease-priming phase. This recruitment depends on the IFN-γ-inducible chemokine receptor CXCR3; knocking out CXCR3 abolishes the protective effect of CD8+ T cells in EAU. In conclusion, we identified the critical role of IFN-γ for CD8+ T cells to inhibit Th1 and Th17 responses and ameliorate EAU. CXCR3 is necessary to recruit IFN-γ+ CD8+ T cells to the secondary lymphoid organ for the regulation of autoreactive Th1 and Th17 cells.
StatusActive
Effective start/end date1/09/2230/06/24

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